Trafalgar Square is one of the most iconic public spaces in London. The square is home to some of the city’s most famous landmarks, including Nelson’s Column, the National Gallery, and St. Martin-in-the-Fields church. The square is also a popular gathering place for protests and celebrations.
The square was designed by John Nash in 1829 as part of his master plan for London. The original design included a large central plaza surrounded by grand buildings. However, due to financial constraints, only the north and south sides of the square were built according to Nash’s plans. The east and west sides of the square were developed later, in a more utilitarian style.
Nelson’s Column is the centerpiece of Trafalgar Square. The column was erected in 1843 to honor Admiral Horatio Nelson, who defeated Napoleon’s navy at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The column is 51 meters (167 feet) tall and is topped by a statue of Nelson himself.
The National Gallery is located on the north side of Trafalgar Square. The gallery houses one of the world’s finest collections of paintings, dating from the 13th century to the present day. Admission to the gallery is free, making it a popular tourist destination.
St. Martin-in-the-Fields church is located on the north-east side of Trafalgar Square. The church was designed by James Gibbs between 1722 and 1726. Because of the prominent position at Trafalgar Square it’s one of the most famous churches in London. The well known Connection at St Martin-in-the-Fields is the church’s outreach program for young and homeless people.
Trafalgar Square is also home to 2 beautiful fountains. These fountains, together with the 2 busts, form a memorial to Admirals John Jellicoe (West Fountain) and David Beatty (East Fountain). Both admirals are World War I heroes.
events at trafalgar square
Trafalgar Square regularly hosts events. for example, on August 1, 2022, the English ladies who had become European champions were honored here.
click here for a list of upcoming events at or near Trafalgar Square.
how do you get there?
underground station Charing Cross